Friday, September 30, 2011

Community Educational Outreach Services

I'm upholding and supporting a LIFE-BASED and DIGNITY-BASED quality life of living. And this is the context of what I'm standing for:
Ako ay Pilipino (I am a Filipino)
Buong katapatang nanunumpa (I pledge my allegiance)
Sa... Pilipinas (To... the Philippines)
Na may dangal, katarungan at kalayaan (With honor, justice and freedom)
Na pinakikilos ng sambayanang (That is put in motion by one nation)
Maka-Diyos, [For the love of] (God,)
Maka-tao, (People,)
Makakalikasan at (Nature and)
Makabansa. (Country)."
An Act prescribing the code of the national flag, anthem, motto, coat-of-arms and other heraldic items and devices of the Philippines of 1998, S. 25 & 40. (1998).

In the New Testament (NT), Paul describes the Kingdom of God as, “...not a matter of food and drink, but of righteousness (justice), peace, and joy in the Holy Spirit” (New American Bible, Romans 14:17)." In the Old Testament (OT), the Hebraic Covenant Theology best translates justice concept as "Right-Relations" or even better as "Life-Giving Relationships" (Fuellenbach, 1998).

This "Life-Giving Relationships" as value can be associated with the concepts of harmony, wholeness, caring, compassion, reciprocal regard, and mutual valuation of intrinsic worth (Acorn, 2004). According to Fuellenbach (1998) to be just means human beings should live in life-giving relationships in the following holistic essential relations in four directions or the fourfold relationality: (1) with their fellow human beings, (2) with themselves, (3) with nature (creation) and (4) ultimately with God (p. 195).

Life-Giving Relationships is also referred to as Holistic Relationality. The basic notion of ‘relationality’ is referred to as the essential relations that extend in four directions or fourfold relationality, namely to God, to oneself, to neighbors (both referred to an individual and individuals who are part and parcel of a society) and to creation as a whole, while the basic notion of ‘holistic’ is referred to every position of truth that we hold, which represents just one part of a larger truth (Koukl as cited in Ingles, 2006). Likewise, I also borrowed Arthur Koestler’s ‘holon’ to refer to “any entity that is itself a whole and simultaneously a part of some other whole” (Mairesse as cited in Ingles, 2006, p. 32).

The following are the four independent studies with fourfold relationality:Fuellenbach (1998): (1) with their fellow human beings, (2) with themselves, (3) with nature (creation) and (4) ultimately with God; Nagahama (2006)/ Hornedo (2009): (1) Makabayan (Love for Country), (2) Makatao (Love for Humanity), (3) Makakalikasan (Love for nature) and (4) Maka-Diyos (Love for God) and Ramirez (2009): (1) Pro-Country (Maka-Bayan),(2) Pro-People (Maka-Tao), (3) Pro-Nature (Maka-Kalikasan), and (4) Pro-God (Maka-Diyos).

Below is my humble attempt to best translate justice practice of Life-Giving Relationships through

Community Educational Outreach Services:

Maka-Diyos (For the love of God)

Maka-tao (People)

Makakalikasan at (Nature and)

Makabansa (Country)

Antonio Ingles, Jr., Ph.D.
Educator / Founder
Aral Pinoy Org

September 30, 2011
Feast Day of Saint Jerome
Doctor of the Church

October 1, 2011
Feast Day of Saint Therese of Lisieux
Therese of the Child Jesus
The Little Flower
Doctor of the Church


Acorn, A. (2004). Compulsory compassion: A critique of restorative justice. Retrieved April 18, 2010, from University of British Columbia Press:
Fuellenbach, J. (1998). Throw fire (2nd revised edition, 8th printing). Manila: Logos Publications.
Hornedo, F. (2009). Values education in the social sciences. Cultural Heritage and Contemporary Change, Series III. Asia, Volume 7. (M. Dy, Editor) Retrieved March 23, 2010, from Council for Research in Values and Philosophy:
Ingles, A. (2006). Nakakaluwag: An affirmation of a vision of persons living in peaceful harmony and with respect for life and dignity. Ang Makatao, 32-43.
Nagahama, H. (2006, December 6). Making dialogue among different religions: An analysis of values education under the integrated learning subject in the philippines. Retrieved May 15, 2010, from 10th Asia-Pacific Programme of Educational Innovation for Development (APEID). International Conference - Learning Together for Tomorrow:Education for Sustainable Development:
Ramirez, M. (2009). Transformative education in the context of a globalizing world. The ASI Option , 17-23.

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